Hazard Communication (HAZCOM) Label Requirements

OSHA recently revised their Hazard Communication Standard to align with the international “Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals”, commonly referred to as “GHS”.  New labels are designed to communicate dangerous and hazardous material. As of June 1, 2015, ALL labeling of chemicals must have the following six elements, which also will be found on the new Safety Data Sheet (SDS): 

  1. Product Identifier: may be the product name or an identifying number that can be cross-referenced to the corresponding Safety Data Sheet (SDS), as well as to the list of hazardous chemicals that we maintain as part of our written HAZCOM program
  2. Signal Words: Used to indicate the relative level of severity of the hazard; there are two signal words:
    • Danger—used for more severe hazards
    • Warning—used for less severe hazards
  3. Hazard Statements: Relatively short statement assigned to a specific hazard class and category that describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including where appropriate, the degree of hazard. 
    • Examples: “Highly flammable liquid and vapor” or “May cause liver damage.”
  4. Precautionary Statements: Phrases that list recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical or improper storage or handling. 
    • Four types of statements which have been assigned to hazard classes and categories:
      • Prevention 
      • Response
      • Storage
      • Disposal
    • Example: “Keep away from heat, flames, sparks. No Smoking.”
  5. Pictograms: icons that are black symbols on a white background, which a red diamond border. There are 8 different pictograms, and one or more might appear on a label; each one helps you quickly identify the specific type of hazard associated with the product. (Pictograms explained in more detail during another toolbox talk) hazcom labels
  6. Name, Address, & Phone Number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party. 

IMPORTANT: If the hazardous material is removed from its original container and placed in another container, employees should use words and/or symbols to portray the information about the hazards of the material in the new container whether it is a bottle, tank, or drum.

Hazard label