Work Zone Safety

Hazards Include:

Work zone crashes can result in serious injury or even death

Smart Safety Rules:

  • Any worker responsible for conducting roadway or construction traffic should wear high-‐visibility safety apparel.
  • Know and use the correct traffic control devices. Signs are used for regulation, guiding, or warning. Channeling devices (cones, vertical panels, drums) are used to warn and alert drivers of hazards along the work zone.
  • Do not keep your back to traffic (internal or external) for extended periods of time. Avoid turning your back to traffic whenever possible.
  • Ensure that traffic devices are not damaged. Replace any devices that have lost a significant amount of their reflectivity.


  • Wear high-visibility apparel, such as a fluorescent vest.
  • Use temporary lighting in night work zones.
  • Locate and mark underground and overhead utilities.
  • Know and follow the traffic control plan for the movement of vehicles on site.
  • Use standard traffic control devices, signals and message boards to instruct drivers to the route they are to use.
  • Ensure that flaggers are using the signaling methods required by the authority in charge.
  • Observe traffic conditions to determine the volume condition of the work zone.


  • Run across traffic in live lanes.
  • Park or unload equipment in unsafe or unmarked areas.
  • Work in high traffic volume hours. Whenever possible, work during low traffic conditions.
  • Stand or park in places that block road signage.
  • Assume that equipment operators can see you. Make eye contact with the operator before crossing in front of or behind them.

Discussion Questions:

  1. Why should you avoid working during high traffic volume hours when possible?
  2. What type of lighting should be used when working at night?
  3. What types of temporary traffic barriers can be used?
  4. Why should you face traffic whenever possible?